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Facts about Turkey

No, Turkey is currently not a member of the European Union

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The country of Turkey is located in both Europe and Asia. Turkey occupies all of the Anatolian Peninsula (Asia Minor) and a small part of southeastern Europe.

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The population of Turkey is approx. 76,484,000 people (2014)

The population continues to increase at a steady rate with almost 3600 births every day, while the death rate compared to this is significantly low at 1224 deaths per day.

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1. Istanbul, largest city in Turkey

2. Ankara, second-largest city and capital of Turkey

3. Izmir, third largest city and largest city in the Aegean Region

4. Bursa, fourth largest city and former Ottoman capital

5. Adana, fifth largest city and largest city in the Mediterranean Region

6. Gaziantep, sixth largest city and largest in the Southeastern Anatolia Region

7. Konya, seventh largest city and former Seljuk capital

8. Antalya, eighth largest city in Turkey

9. Kayseri, ninth largest city in Turkey

10. Mersin, tenth largest city in Turkey

11. Eskişehir, eleventh largest city in Turkey

12. Diyarbakır, twelfth-largest city of Turkey

13. Samsun, thirteenth largest city and largest in the Black Sea Region

14. Denizli, fourteenth largest city



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Turkey borders eight countries. They area;

Bulgaria to the northwest;
Greece to the west;
Georgia to the northeast;
Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east;
and Iraq and Syria to the southeast


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The official currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TL) (new Turkish Lira)

The Turkish Lira is available in the following denominations:

Banknotes: 5, 10, 20, 50 & 100 TL;

Coins: 10, 25 & 50 kuruş and 1 TL

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