Turkish Victory Day (Zafer Bayramı)29th August 2014
Victory Day was first celebrated on August 30th 1923, becoming a national holiday in 1935.
Victory Day is also known as Zafer Bayramı or Armed Forces Day and also honours the founder of modern Turkey,
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Turkish Victory Day commemorates the victory of the "Battle of Dumlupına" - The decisive battle in the Turkish War of Independence in 1922.
The Battle of Dumlupınar
Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Turkey was occupied by allied forces.
This led to start of the Turkish War of Independence in 1919, with the Turkish forces led by General Mustafa Kemal.
The Battle of Dumlupınar was the last battle in the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922) (part of the Turkish War of Independence). The battle was fought from 26th to 30th of August 1922 near Dumlupınar, Kütahya in Turkey.
The battle of Dumlupınar took place in Kütahya province in western Turkey and although foreign forces did not leave Turkish soil until the autumn of 1922, August 30th is accepted as the date of the Turkish army’s victory.
How is it celebrated?
Victory Day is celebrated across Turkey and is a celebration of the Turkish military and the Turkish republic.. The main celebration is held at Atatürk's Mausoleum in Ankara.
A ceremony is also held at the War Academy in Istanbul, with all military promotions made on this day, while marches are held in major cities across the country.
What is means to Turkish people?
August 30th has a very important meaning for Turkish people. Not only does it mark the end of the Turkish War of Independence in 1922, it also marks the day Turkey and Turkish land was saved from being occupied.
To this day Turkish people show their appreciation and respect by hanging Turkish flags or posters of Ataturk on their balconies or windows.
Also, thousands of citizens from cities around Turkey visit Anitkabir (Ataturk Mausoleum) to thank Ataturk and to show their faithfulness to him.
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